Coin Books: India: Bibliography, Reviews, Sale (SEMANS)

Cornelius Lentulus dating from 88BC. Relics inscribed with the Jewish symbol dating to the Umayyad dynasty during the seventheighth centuries were found at various archeological sites in Israel.. Researchers recently discovered that menorahs prominently adorned Muslim coins and vessels during the early Islamic period 1, years ago. The history of the quest for the historical Muhammad in the modern Western literature has its origins from the time c. These studies began a long time ago and derived from an interest I have always had in mathematics in general, and geometry in particular.. A brief description of the Islamic coins from the first century of hijra.

A Guide to Read Islamic Dates (Hijri Dates)

Its extensive collections were moved to the impressive building of the traditional Souq Al Majarrah to be reinterpreted and redisplayed. Why you should visit Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization The Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization holds thousands of rare and important Islamic artifacts, Here; you can admire the timeless achievements of Islamic civilization and its universality, learn about aspects of Islamic faith, science, discoveries and culture, and cherish the beauty of Islamic art.

The new Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization presents more than five thousand exquisite Islamic artifacts from all over the Islamic World, arranged according to themes and spread over seven spacious galleries and display areas.

Lions have been considered kings of the jungle, and symbols of kingly authority, from time immemorial. One of the most fascinating coins of all time, a coin that I believe is the first true coin, features one the most fascinating lions ever to appear on a coin.

I often have pieces from India, though the nice ones, like everything else, are getting harder and harder to find. Sometimes there are odds and ends from China, Afghanistan, Indonesia, and other areas – I never know what might appear, or when. I have just added a number of items brought from Iran The most important reference books I use on this page are: Two other books of value are: On to the mysterious lands Here is a great, light-weight antique silver necklace from Iran, constructed with pieces of stamped silver connected like pendants, with jump rings and chain.

This is a very unusual piece.

Sharjah Museums Department

Exceptionally, a combination of the crescent of Sin with the five-pointed star of Ishtar, with the star placed inside the crescent as in the later Hellenistic-era symbol, placed among numerous other symbols, is found in a boundary stone of Nebuchadnezzar I 12th century BCE; found in Nippur by John Henry Haynes in McGing notes the association of the star and crescent with Mithradates VI, discussing its appearance on his coins, and its survival in the coins of the Bosporan Kingdom where “[t]he star and crescent appear on Pontic royal coins from the time of Mithradates III and seem to have had oriental significance as a dynastic badge of the Mithridatic family, or the arms of the country of Pontus.

In most of these, the “star” is taken to represent the Sun.

The Term “Byzantine Empire” The name Byzantine Empire is derived from the original Greek name for Constantinople; Byzantium. The name is a modern term and would have been alien to its contemporaries.

Recently I came across a couple of studies that were among the first I carried out; some others have been lost and some are in private ownership. The studies which follow are all based on patterns I saw and explored, and I thought it might be useful to place them here for the record. Unfortunately there is no record of the examples they were taken from, so they will just have to stand as drafting exercises.

I should also admit that these sketches are based on the original photographs of the studies, most of the original drawings having been lost — the photographs being the only record I have of them, but which are in too poor condition to be reproduced. The illustration above, from which the three following details have been taken, is of one of the original drawings I made in the early s.

The width shown is around mm of the original. Although the paper has discoloured slightly with the passage of time, the draftsmanship can still be examined. It is placed here to show something of the concentration that goes into study of this character of geometry as well as the accuracy I tried to maintain in drafting. Nowadays, drawing with computer programmes, there are still inaccuracies, but they are easier to deal with than when drawing with ink on paper.

At this degree of magnification it is possible to see how the grain of the paper, a smooth cartridge, interacts with the ink from the drafting pen. It is probable that the two pens used here were 0. You can see there is some blotting at the beginning of lines — look at the red lines top right — as well as a little unevenness in line thickness. I believe I never went over any lines twice as that had a considerable effect on the outcome.

In the central junction the red lines have created a star effect.

Islamic arts

However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage. Scroll down for a report on that. More new posts will be added below this one. The essay below is the conclusion of the ninth part in a series by Takuan Seiyo.

These earliest Islamic coins from North Africa are modifications of those struck by the Byzantines in Carthage immediately before the Muslim conquest. The globe at the top of a column on three steps is the Muslim adaptation of the Byzantine cross on steps.

Hi all, I thought of contributing to this fantastic forum, so this is a guide that I am sure many people know about, but I am writing this to those people out there who might face these Islamic dates while coin collecting. Let’s start by defining the Islamic dates, also known as Hijri dates. His immigration was the result of the Hatred and Mock he received from his home town Makkah, so his destination Yathrib marked the beginning of the Islamic Uprise. The Islamic year started AD If you ever had a coin with numbers in Arabic that you did not know translates to which Gregorian AD date, then this might come handy.

Here is a list of Numbers translated into numerals that are on your coins: These numbers’ shapes might differ very slightly, but it can still be easily recognizable. Although Arabic is written from right to left, in contrast with English’s left to right, the Islamic dates numbers are written from left to right. AH refers to “After Hijra”, which is the Islamic date.

Dating Islamic Coins

This is certainly not an attack on the author or the movement from which the essay issues. Rather, I am grateful to him and to them for articulating their position so clearly, thus allowing a proper analysis. Such an analysis is important for a number of reasons: It led the late Ottomans, particularly in the time of Mahmud II and the Tanzimat, to try and make a modern state precisely as outlined in the document that is the basis for this article.

An interesting find from Uppland in Sweden where archaeologist working for Arkeologikonsult have uncovered a hoard of Islamic coins. Fashioned out of silver, the coins contain Arabic script and the majority were minted in Samarkand, an Islamic state which was located in .

The Quran directly addresses the matter of polygyny in Chapter 4 Verse 3, ” Marry of the women that you please: But if you feel that you should not be able to deal justly, then only one or what your right hand possesses. That would be more suitable to prevent you from doing injustice. With changing economic conditions, female empowerment, and acceptance of family planning practices, polygamy seems to be severely declining as an acceptable and viable marriage practice within the Muslim world.

This day the good things are allowed to you. While these scholars use “established and approved methodologies” in order to claim new conclusions, they are still met with a considerable amount of opposition from the majority of orthodox Islamic scholars and interpreters. Young Muslim men and women are strongly encouraged to marry as soon as possible, since the family is recognized as the foundation of Islamic society.

These traits are pointed out in Quran Chapter 33 Verse 35 “For Muslim men and women, for believing men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah’s praise, for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward. A guardian who is allowed to force the bride into marriage is called wali mujbir. Forced marriage is absolutely and explicitly forbidden.

Since traditional Muslim societies are generally religiously heterogeneous, it is much easier for individuals to find socially acceptable partners through traditional methods.

World’s Oldest Coin

Bowl with Kufic Calligraphy , 10th century. Brooklyn Museum Kufic is the oldest form of the Arabic script. The style emphasizes rigid and angular strokes, which appears as a modified form of the old Nabataean script.

A concept of ‘The Islamic State’ has become very widespread among Muslims and non-Muslims and although the following document is based on my analysis of an essay whose origins I have so far been unable to trace, it has simply articulated a misconception that is very widespread.

Very little is known about them. They ruled the region until about AD. The Kidarites appear to have been a confederacy of warlords, many of whom issued coins. Not having had a tradition of coinage, they copied the basic designs and fabric of the coins they found in circulation without an apparent understanding of the meaning of the designs. Other coins are modeled after Kushan or other Indian coins and feature various deities or a standing king.

There is a wide variety of extremely crude and primitive Kidarite copper coins. These scarce, crude Kidarite copper coins are unusual pieces from a little know Hunnic tribe.

Shah Abbas: Coins of faith and power at the British Museum